Capped Range

Forwared from „capped“

  • A capped range is lacking the top equity combos for a given situation. Preflop this means a lack of the strongest starting hands like pocket queens to pocket aces, while postflop it can mean that the top pot-equity hands are no longer in the played range.
    Usually the players that start to take a passive action preflop are holding a capped range, leaving the advantage of the uncapped range, having the best possible equity starting hands still in range, to the preflop agressor, the last raiser preflop.

    A capped range is also a depolarized range as the player facing the aggressive action is folding out certain low equity and speculative hands to the raiser.

    The "cappedness" of a range is determined by the required equity to call the raise with, the position of the raiser and the caller. The less amount of equity is needed due to pot odds, the looser the raiser's range is, the larger the range of the caller gets too, increasing the "cappedness" due to the large amount of lower equity hands still in range.

    This can change drastically postflop, as on certain textures having a wide calling range can lead to having way more strong made hands and strong draws than the uncapped player. It is mostly the case for boards that have more two pair, set and straight draw combinations for the capped player. If that is the case, the "cappedness" actually swaps over to the preflop agressor as he struggles for value combos in order to be betting frequently and big, fearing to get raised a lot by the player sporting the now re-strengthened range of more value combos. It is the beauty of the game that cappedness, strength and weakness can switch places in the turn of a card, the dynamics of this are what is fascinating about poker and keeps the game interesting.

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